Contact Today For Your FREE Sales Quote at 855-833-FIRE 🔥

History of Fire Alarm System

Posted January 24th, 2024

From the recorded history and events, humans realized that quick reaction and action in the event of a fire has a very important and vital role in its control. In recent centuries, when someone noticed a fire, the night watchman or anyone who noticed it would notify the fire department or any competent center with a hand bell or a special horn. Or it was done by using church bells or factory steam whistles, which were sometimes accompanied by errors and the fire department could not accurately identify the location, but with the invention of the telegraph (by Samuel F.B. Morse), this reporting was more complete and fast. 

New York was the first city in the United States to build telegraph lines (by installing special poles in the ground) in 1847 to report fire from the municipality to fire stations and by building bells. The Municipal Engineer (Cornelius Anderson) announced and started the fire alarm system construction project in the same year. 

In March 1851, William Channing, a young doctor interested in firefighting, and Moses J. Farmer wanted to install a city alarm system in Boston, using Samuel Morse's printed register as the main component of the system: the system had 40 miles (about 64 km) of wire to connect the central station to 40 signal boxes and 19 church bells. And there were schools and locomotive fire stations. This system had some technical defects, but after these defects were removed, the system was able to transmit an electric shock from the cycle of the circuit breaker code and register the Morse code of dots or dashes in the print register. 

On April 30, 1852, within 24 hours of these systems being put into service, a fire alarm was transmitted from kazoo Street. 

William Channing gave many articles and lectures on the Boston fire alarm system, and it was during his speech at the Smithsonian Institution in March 1855 that John N.Gmoil The postmaster and telegraph agent of South Carolina Gimol first learned of the existence of this new invention. Gimol was very impressed with the ability o the Channing system and bought the rights to build this fire alarm system first in the south and west, and then for the entire country. 

In 1856, Gimole asked his brother-in-law, James M. Gardiner, who had extensive knowledge of clocks and other complex mechanisms, joined. By 1871, Gardiner and Gimol had expanded their product line using spring-loaded models of fire alarm signal boxes, and Edwin Rogers and Moses J. was developed. 

In 1880, Gardiner patented a plan to eliminate interference between simultaneous transmitting fire alarm boxes. Although there were thirty-six other companies in the fire alarm telegraph industry at the end of the 19th century, the Gimol Company held a 95% share of the US market. 

The expansion of the public fire alarm telegraph system in stations throughout a building saved more time in alerting the fire department. The manual fire alarm system was first developed by Rogers and his invention was patented as the auxiliary fire alarm system. 

In 1885, George Milliken made improvements to the auxiliary system that made it possible for unlimited use in all cities in the United States. The central station of mobile cables was used to repair the cable cut due to fire; And by increasing the speed of access to the places of fire by using connecting cables, they had received an official medal. The first technological solutions to the problems came in 1882 when Chauncey F. MC Koluh registered the ring design which was called MC Koluh ring.

The third edition of the Fire Insurance Inspector's Manual, published in 1923, stated that "the best service will be provided when the night watchman is employed for one purpose only—guarding, not cleaning, and not having his family live in the building." In the second case, he will often be in his apartment instead of patrolling the building

Contact US

Black Eagle Fire & Security - C10 License: 1064627 - UL License: S36618

Get Your Free Consultation

We're here to answer your questions and provide expert guidance on all your fire and security needs. Don't hesitate to reach out for unparalleled protection and peace of mind. Your safety is our mission!